When someone asks you what are headaches, you may not easily explain them in words but you surely know the discomfort and pain they provide. There are many types of headaches which includes sinus headache, cluster headaches, tension headache and stress headache. In order for you to know how to manage your headache, you ought to know what type of headache you are having. But before that, you should first understand what headaches are all about.
What are headaches?
Headache is otherwise termed as Cephalgia. It is a pain sensation in any region of the head, including the neck. Most people see the different types of headaches as a condition or a disorder but in actuality, headache is a symptom of an underlying disorder. There are many factors that causes headache which include nerve compressions and decreased oxygenation. The headache is treated depending on its cause and type.
Furthermore, it is not enough for you to know the answer to the question “What are headaches?” It would also be helpful if you know its different types.
Types of Headaches
The types of headaches are differentiated by their presenting symptoms and causes. Although they may all seem almost alike, there are still certain distinctions among them. The following are the types of headaches.
Sinus headache is a type of headache which is caused by problems with the sinuses. Most of the time, the sinuses which are located at the back of the nose becomes inflamed as a result of infection. The inflamed sinuses put pressure into the different nerves and tissues of the face, which now results to pain. The pain radiates to the different areas of the head, leading to sinus headache. Sinus headache is often associated with symptoms which include malaise, nasal drainage, cough and others.
Cluster headaches are among the most painful types of headaches which can be very devastating and distressing. It comes it patterns, which means that it comes and goes and may last for several weeks to months. The exact cause of cluster headaches is still unknown but studies suggest that it may have something to do with problems of the hypothalamus. Cluster headaches may be accompanied by redness and tearing of the eyes, sweating, drooping of eyelids and runny nose.
Tension headache is often described as “tightening of the head”. Just like cluster headache, the cause of tension headache is still unknown but it is often associated with contraction of the muscles of the face and neck. It can also be triggered by extreme emotions and stress. Associated symptoms of tension headache include tenderness over the muscle areas and sometimes, loss of appetite.
Stress headache can be brought about by tension and stress. When you are stressed, your body releases catecholamine hormones which lead to constriction of blood vessels. Vasoconstriction may result to decreased blood circulation to the brain leading to stress headache. The term stress headache is often being interchangeably used with tension headache as they may be caused by the same factors.
Prevention and Cure of Headaches
After knowing what are headaches, you must be aware of the different ways to prevent them. The following are effective headache prevention measures:
-Get plenty of rest and avoid stress
-Do physical exercises and eat healthy foods
-Drink alcohol in moderation
In order to cure headaches, analgesics may be prescribed by your doctor. However, the underlying disorder needs to be managed to completely help your headache condition.
To conclude, knowing “what are headaches” and the different types of headache are essential to determine if the treatment you are taking is safe and appropriate.