Control OBjectives for Information and related Technology (COBIT) is an IT governance, service planning, delivery, control and support framework. COBIT is a set of best practices and framework for information technology (IT) management created by the Information Systems Audit and Control Association (ISACA), and the IT Governance Institute (ITGI) in 1992. COBIT provides managers, auditors, professionals and information technology users with a set of generally accepted measures, indicators, processes and best practices to assist them in maximizing the benefits derived through the use of information technology and developing appropriate IT governance and control in the organization. Detailed information on COBIT is available at the isaca.org website.
Figure 20 shows a representation of the COBIT 4.1 framework. COBIT 4.1 has 34 high level processes that cover 210 control objectives categorized in four domains – Plan and Organize, Acquire and Implement, Deliver and Support, and Monitor and Evaluate. COBIT provides benefits to managers, IT users, professionals and auditors. Managers benefit from COBIT because it provides them with a foundation upon which IT related decisions and investments can be based on. It provides the IT professionals with the framework to deliver products and services that maximize value for the users of IT products and services.
COBIT provides end-to-end picture of IT products and services delivery and management. Its understanding will enable a project manager to appreciate the relevance of project delivery within the overall context of IT service delivery.